Srbija je raskrižje srednje i jugoistočne Europe
Serbia has been standing for centuries as a connection between West and East: a colorful land, with unique mixture of civilizations, cultures, religions, climates and landscapes. Located in the centre of the Balkan Peninsula, in Southeast Europe, the northern part belongs to central Europe, but in terms of geography and climate it is also partly a Mediterranean country. Serbia is landlocked but the Danube connects it to the distant seas and oceans. Serbia is a crossroad of Europe and a geopolitically important territory. The international roads and railway lines, which run through the country’s river valleys, form the shortest link between Western Europe and the Middle East. Beautiful mountains of Serbia, national parks, rivers and lakes make the perfect location for an active outdoor holiday – from hunting and fishing to extreme sports.
Serbia is a modern, democratic European country, on the path to membership of the European Union, which a diverse range of visitors – from young backpackers to participants in congresses and fairs – visit every day.
During the 6th century AD, Slavic tribes began their migrations to the South and West. Southern tribes reached Singidunum and, amazed with the city’s white ramparts, gave it a new name – Belgrad – the White City…. With the rise of great empires, Belgrade changed hands many times: its rulers were Bulgarians, Byzantines, Hungarians and first time Belgrade got in Serbian hands was in 1284., when king Stefan Dragutin got Srem county and Belgrade as a gift from his father in law, Hungarian king Ladislav IV. Belgrade became the capital of Serbia in 1405., due to Ottoman invasion from the southeast.
Today, Belgrade is a leading key point in Balkan and a thriving metropolis with 2 million inhabitants. Belgrade`s charm is simply irresistible! It is a dynamic city with abundant cultural and recreational activities on offer. It has 50 museums, 25 art galleries, 20 or so theatres, dozen of libraries, several international theatres, film, jazz, children and music festivals, many universities and over 900 sporting facilities, parks and hideaways.
Novi Sad is the main administrative centre of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. Situated on the shores of the Danube, north of Belgrade, Novi Sad is a picturesque, friendly city in Serbia`s Vojvodina Province. Serbia’s second largest city can boast of the impressive 17th century Petrovaradin Fortress, which features beautiful courtyards, walkways and a system of underground tunnels. Perched on the steep banks of the Danube, the fortress plays host to Exit, one of the Europe`s premier summer music festivals. Both the distant and the more recent past has shown that the residents of Novi Sad have always respected the enduring values of knowledge, work, devotion, peacefulness, tolerance and moderation as the foundations of progress. All this sets Novi Sad apart as a unique place notable for its hospitality, multilingualism and openness.
The City Hall, the Synagogue, the Raichle Palace and a dozen of others attractive buildings mark Subotica as a European city of art nouveau. The frisky and informal forms of facades, full of whiplash curves and undulated lines, unusual color combinations instead of the monotonous grey, are one of the first things a tourist notices when arriving to Subotica. A stroll along the Path of art nouveau provides a fascinating insight into Subotica and its past. Discover the unusual buildings from the early 20th century and enjoy this divine caprice. Wine lovers know that a visit to Subotica and its neighbourhood will not be a disappointment, because the local wines are actually the wines from the sandy region.
Niš is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans and with around 250,000 residents, it is the third largest city in Serbia and the capital of the Nišava District. It is located in southern Serbia, at the crossroads of the most important Balkan and European routes connecting Europe with the Middle East. The most important cultural and historical attractions in Niš are the Mediana – a large 4th-century Roman estate; Niš Fortress – the best-preserved Turkish fortress in the central Balkans, built in 1723 and containing the remains of Roman Naissus in its foundations; the Skull Tower (Ćele Kula); Čegar, a monument standing on the site of the battle between Stevan Sinđelić and the Turks.
The Silver Lake (Srebrno Jezero) is one of the best-known holiday resorts in Serbia. It has sandy beaches, a hotel and a lakeside campsite. The lake is actually an arm of the Danube, some 2 km from Veliko Gradište. With Belgrade nearby (129 km) and other Serbian towns too, it has become a magnet for tourists and fishermen. It is 14 km long, with an average width of 300 m and is up to 3 m deep. It is rich in a variety of fresh-water fish such as catfish, perch, common carp, grass carp and silver carp. There are also great opportunities for water sports. In the late afternoon, when the sun begins to set behind the Carpathians, the water glistens and sparkles, creating a silver reflection, hence the name Srebrno (‘Silver’).
FRUSKA GORA & SREMSKI KARLOVCI
The name of the National Park Fruska Gora comes from the name of the eponymous mountain, which, in the adjectival form carries the name Frug, meaning Roman; thus the name of this mountain preserves the memory of one ethnic community that has disappeared from these areas long ago. Fruska Gora has been a national park since 1960th, in order to ensure permanent protection.
Sremski Karlovci is a small town situated on the slopes of Fruska Gora, 57 km from Belgrade. The baroque core contains many historical buildings, which strike with both their beauty and significance. Despite small number of inhabitants in this town, its significance for Serbian history, culture and spirituality is huge.
Seven Wonders of Nature – Djavolja Varoš (Devil’s Town) is located in Southern Serbia, on Radan Mountain, not far from Prolom Spa and the town of Kursumlija. By many meanings, it represents extraordinary marvel of nature. There are many legends about Djavolja Varos. One of most popular legend tells a story about God preventing the marriage of brother and sister by turning them into stone pillars. The natives say that these stone monuments still live – they are born, they grow, they die… To make it even more interesting, the scientists have confirmed this belief! The stone nuptials seem to live their inter life, waiting for the end of time.